A
 
Achillea millefoliumYarrow Extract Þ
Antibacterial extract, anti-inflammatory, relieves cramps, slows bleeding, balances, regulates sebaceous glands, especially suitable for sensitive and damaged skin.
 
Actinidia Chinensis Seed Extract ÞKiwi seed oil
Contains valuable essential fatty acids, more than 60% alpha-linolenic acid
• Application/Effect: stores moisture, anti-inflammatory effect and aids the formation of new cells.
 
Aesculus Hippocastanum (Horse) Chestnut) Seed Extract =
Yielded from Horse Chestnut seeds.
Has revitalising qualities, activates cell metabolism, acts as a decongestant, helps to strengthen connective tissue
 
Alanine ÞNon-essential amino acid, thought to stimulate immune system and help metabolize sugars and organic acids.
 
Alcohol(Ethanol) ÞProduced by the fermentation of starch or other carbohydrate source. Used as a solvent for extracts and various ingredients. It has a refreshing, astringent effect that promotes circulation. To make it unusable for internal human consumption, alcohol is generally denatured with essential oil or a bittering agent.
 
Alcohol Denat.ÞAs applied to Logona products, alcohol produced using certified organic plant materials, and denatured with natural essential oils
 
Algin ÞSeaweed derivative, thickening and gel-forming agent.
 
Algae Extract ÞFilm-forming agent, skin-firming, rich in trace minerals and Vitamins B and C
 
Aloe barbadensis (Aloe Vera Extract) ÞExtract with excellent all-around benefits for skin care. Moisturizes and helps maintain moisture balance. Stimulates blood circulation, tightens and rejuvenates skin. Fights infection and promotes the skin's self-healing response, and soothes sunburn and other irritations.
 
Ammonium Alum = Alaun/Alum Þgained by means of multiple crystallisation of alaun/alum slate, crystals grown to ensure great purity with strong deodorant properties.
 
Aluminium/Magnesium Hydroxide Stearate ÞClay compound bound with vegetable stearic acid. Stabilizer, gel-forming agent, co-emulsifier component
 
Aluminum HydroxideÞ Aluminium hydroxide. Stabiliser for titanium dioxide
 
Aluminum Stearate ÞAluminium stearate
Stabiliser for titanium dioxide
 
Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate ÞAnionic surfactant (sudsing agent) with good washing and foaming properties, readily and quickly biodegradable
 
Aqua (Water) ÞPurified water, solvent and moisturizer
 
Arachis hypogaea (Peanut Oil) ÞVegetable oil rich in Vitamin E, unsaturated fatty acids and minerals. Used also to regulate product consistency.
 
Arctium majus
(Burdock Root Extract)
ÞStrengthens hair base and roots, slows hair loss, fungicidal, bacteriostatic (retards growth and multiplication of bacteria)
 
Arctium lappa
(Arctium Lappa Seed Oil)
ÞVery rich, pressed oil of the burdock fruit, rich in vitamins and unsaturated fatty acids. Skin nourishing ingredient used to promote circulation and to harmonize metabolism.
 
Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil = Argan oil
Oil from the nuts of the Argan tree, contains more than 80% linol and oleic acids. Argan oil has a very high antioxidant content. They are important for the interception of free radicals.
It promotes cell renewal, smoothes the skin and keeps it silky
 
Arginine ÞAmino acid contained in whole cereal grains, plays an important role in metabolic processes, converting body wastes into less toxic substances.
 
Arnika Montana Flower Extract = Arnika extract
Contains essential oils, flavonoid, tanning agent, Cumarine
Use/properties: anti-inflammatory, improves blood circulation
 
Aroma (Flavor) ÞComprehensive INCI term for all flavorings, synthetic or natural. Logona uses only pure essential oils for this function to improve the flavor of lipsticks and dental cleansers.
 
Ascorbyl Palmitate = Vitamin C - Palmitate
ÞNatural antioxidant, ester of fatty acids from palm seed oil and ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
 • Application/Effect: Antioxidant (protection against oxidisation) for fats.
 
B
 
Bambusa arundinacea
(Bamboo Extract)
ÞBamboo fiber extract, rich in cellulose, producing a soft, tender skin texture.
 
Bambusa Vulgaris Extract  = Bamboo extract
ÞPlant extract from the shoots, roots and juice of the Bambus Vulgaris.
Origin: tropical Asia. Raw bamboo was even used in Asia in ancient times.
• Application/Effect: The root has a cooling and astringent effect, the extract from the young shoots has an anti-inflammatory effect. The juice contains a high percentage of silicic acid. Silicic acid is an important nutrient for the body, particularly for the skin and bones.
 
Beer Þincreases hair volume
 
Behenyl Alcohol ÞFatty alcohol derivative of vegetable oils which retains moisture, smooths and moisturizes skin
 
Bentonite = Green mineral earth
from clay minerals, quarz, rock spar and carbonates, naturally degraded phyllosilicate.
Use/properties: With its unchanging, natural qualities it supports an even mineral balance
 
Benzyl Alcohol
The colourless liquid is a natural ingredient of many essential oils, particularly “substantial” aromatic plants like ylang-ylang, Tuberose, jasmine and wallflower. It has a light almond flavouring.
Benzyl alcohol can of course be incorporated through essential oils into the product or added as a preservative (BDIH-Federation of German Industries and Trading Firms compliant)
 
Benzyl Benzoate = Ingredient of essential oils
Mainly in cinammon, jasmine and Ylang oil
 
Benzyl Cinnamate Þ Constituent of essential oils mainly contained in resin.
 
Benzyl Salicylate = Ingredient of essential oils
Mainly found in Ylang oil
 
Beta carotene ÞExcellent antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals, Provitamin A promotes healthy skin, helps protect cells, and improves immune responses.
 
Beta vulgaris (Beetroot) Þdried, powdered root used in Logona hair colors
 
 
Betaine ÞDerived from sugar beets, hair conditioner and volumizer, reduces irritation, moisturizes. Not to be confused with the surfactant Cocamidobetaine.
 
Betula alba
(Birch Leaf Extract)
ÞExtract of birch tree leaves, used to heal wounds and improve complexion, and as a colorant.
 
Bisabolol ÞActive ingredient of chamomile, which soothes irritated, inflamed skin, and fights infection.
 
 
Brassica Campestris/Aleurites Fordi Oil Copolymer ÞBlend of two plant oils, rapeseed (canola) and tung nut, with excellent film-forming and moisturizing properties.
 
Brassica Campestris/Sterols ÞPhytosterol derived from rapeseed (canola) oil, used to improve consistency.
 
Brassica Oleracea Italica = Broccoli Seed Oil
Mild, odourless oil which superbly cares for skin and hair.
Improves the shine of the hair
 
Butyl AcetateÞ Solvent, butyl acetate
 • Application/Effect: of relevance for the applicability of nail varnish
 
Butyrospermum parkii
(Shea Butter)
ÞFatty acid glyceride derived from the nut of the African Shea, or Karite, tree. Emollient supplies rich oil into skin tissue, improving its elasticity. Softens and protects dry, damaged skin.
 
C
 
Calcium Alginate = Alginate
Comes from the Brown algea Lessonia Flavikan
 
Calcium Carbonate ÞTiny chalk particles used in dental gels and toothpastes to improve the mechanical cleansing of the brush.
 
Calendula officinalis
(Calendula Extract)
ÞExtract from marigold blossoms possessing healing, soothing, regenerating, antiseptic and anti-flammatory properties.
 
Camellia oleifera
(Thea Sinensis Extract) = Green tea extract
Þwith antibacterial and antioxidant properties, soothes skin, helps retard tooth decay
 
Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract = Green tea extract
ÞExtract from the leaves of the Thea Sinensis
Sources: Asia, Australia, South America
White Tea extract
ÞWhite tea is a special form of green tea. It is called ‘white’ because the soft hairs on the underside of the youngest tea leaves appear silver-white after drying.
• Application/Effect: antibacterial, calms the skin, intercepts free radicals (protects against premature ageing), protects against caries
 
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride ÞFatty acid ester of glycerin and caprylic and capric acids, with emollient properties to smooth and moisturize skin.
 
Caramel ÞColorant used in foods.
 
Carica Papaya Fruit Extract
Comes from the milk-like sap of the peel of fresh fruits and papaya leaves, contains various enzymes, most of which is Papain Use/properties: the Papaya juice is a natural source of valuable active agents.
Use/properties: thickener, viscosity provider
 
Carthamus tinctorius
(Safflower Oil)
ÞNourishes, moisturizes, and smooths skin.
 
Cassia auriculata
(Henna Neutral)
ÞPowder of Senna leaves, which, when mixed with a liquid to form a paste, coats and protects hair, and increases shine.
 
Cellulose Gum ÞThickener and gel-forming substance.
 
Centella Asiatica Extract =Tiger grass extract
Indian Pennywort
Origin: East Africa and Madagascar
Use/properties: consolidation of connective tissue, skin tightening, wound healing
 
Cera alba
(Beeswax)
ÞWax from honeybee hive, melted and cleaned. Regulates consistency of products, smoothes and moisturizes skin.
 
Cetearyl Alcohol ÞFatty alcohol blend of cetyl and stearyl alcohols which emulsifies, retains moisture, smooths, and regulates consistency.
 
Cetearyl Glucoside ÞFatty acid glucoside which functions as a mild, skin-friendly emulsifier for oil-in-water emulsions.
 
Cetyl Alcohol ÞFatty alcohol derived from the saponification of suitable vegetable oils and the resulting fatty acids produced. Stabilizes emulsion and regulates consistency.
 
Cetyl Ricinoleate ÞFatty alcohol ester of cetyl alcohol and ricinic acid (fatty acid of castor oil) that moisturizes skin and regulates consistency.
 
Chamomilla recutita
(Chamomile Extract)
ÞExtract from the blossoms of Chamomilla recutita, used to soothe skin and improve skin complexion, to heal wounds and fight infection with antiseptic and anti-flammatory properties.
 
Chondrus Crispus (Carrageenan) Extract
Polysaccharide extracted from seaweed (carrageen).
Use/properties: stabilizer, thickener
 
CI 15850ÞColourant/dye for nail varnish, red
 
CI 15880 ÞColourant/dye for nail varnish, red
 
CI 19140 ÞColourant/dye for nail varnish, yellow
CI 42051 ÞColourant/dye, blue
 
CI 42090 ÞColourant/dye, blue
 
CI 60725 Þ Colourant/dye for nail varnish, violet
 
CI 75120 ÞPlant-based colourant/dye; annatto, orange
 
CI 75470 ÞColourant/dye, red (carmine)
 
CI 77007 ÞColourant/dye, blue (ultramarine)
 
CI 75470
(Carmine)
ÞNatural red pigment. Aluminium salt of carminic acid, derived from the Cochenille louse (or beetle) native to Central and South America.
 
CI 75810
(Chlorophyll)
ÞChlorophyllin-Copper Complex; natural green pigment
 
CI 77288
(Chromoxide)
Þnatural green pigment
 
CI 77289
(Chromhydroxide
Þnatural green pigment
 
CI 77491
(Iron oxide)
Þnatural brown pigment
 
CI 77492
(Iron hydroxide)
Þnatural brown pigment
 
CI 77499
(Iron oxide)
Þnatural brown-black pigment
 
CI 77510
(Iron cyanide)
Þnatural blue pigment
 
CI 77742
(Ammonium Manganese Phosphate)
Þnatural violet pigment
 
CI 77891
(Titanium Dioxide)
Þnatural white pigment
 
Cistus incanus
(Cistus Extract)
ÞExtract from the leaves and twigs of the cistus species native to the Mediterranean. Helps clear complexion, antiseptic, antibacterial properties. Traditional folk remedy for skin and dental problems.
 
Citral = Ingredient of essential oils
 
Citric Acid ÞpH regulator produced from sugar cane.
 
Citronellol = Ingredient of essential oils
 
Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil = Lime Oil distillate of the peel of Citrus Aurantifolia essential oil
Use/properties: fragrant
 
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis = Orange oil
essential oil of Citrus Dulcis
Found in: Mediterranean countries, South Africa, West Indies, Jamaica, Mexico, USA, Ecuador, South America
Use/properties: fragrant
 
Citrus limonum
(Citrus Oil)
ÞEssential lemon oil, used for fragrance
 
Citrus nobilis
(Mandarin Orange Oil)
ÞEssential Mandarin orange oil, used for fragrance
 
Cocodimonium Hydroxypropyl Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein Þ Wheat protein
Hydrolyzate
• Application/Effect: conditioner, static inhibitor
 
Coco Glucoside ÞAnionic surfactant, very mild and skin-friendly, derived from coconut oil and fruit sugar. In hair care products it smooths hair structure to improve manageability.
 
Coconut Acid ÞFatty acid derived from splitting coconut oil into glycerin and fatty acids. Used as an emulsifer constituent.
 
Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Extract = Coconut milk (controlled organic cultivation)
Pure coconut milk with high fat percentage
Use/properties: makes the skin soft and silky
 
Cocos nucifera
(Coconut Oil)
ÞVery rich oil pressed from the nut of the coco palm, used to care for skin and hair in many types of products.
 
Coffea arabica
(Coffee Bean Extract)
ÞGround fruit of the coffee plant, used as a colorant in Logona hair colors.
 
Commiphora abyssinica
(Myrrh Extract)
ÞAromatic gum resin of the Commiphora abyssinica tree, possessing astringent, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory properties.
 
Copernica Cerifera (Carnauba) Wax = Palm wax Þ Wax from the Carnauba palm,
Sources: South America
• Application/Effect: cares for and protects the skin, gives consistency in creams.
 
Coumarin ÞConstituent of essential oils
 
Crithmum Marithimum Extract = Samphira extract
ÞRock samphire or marine fennel at home on beaches and cliffs.
Rich in phyto-oestrogens, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids and antioxidants.
Stimulates cell renewal and thereby the swelling/thickening of the epidermis.
 
Curcuma longa
(Turmeric Powder)
ÞPowdered curcuma root, used as a colorant in Logona hair colors.
 
D
 
Dehydroxanthan GumÞXanthan
Polysaccharide, modified xanthan gum
The metabolic product Xanthomonas Campestrisis separated from sugar during fermentation (gained from non-genetically-modified micro-organisms)
• Application/Effect: thickening agent, gel-former and creates a particularly pleasant and supple feeling to the skin.
 
Dextrin Palmitate ÞDextrin Palmitate
Application/Effect: gel-former, stabiliser, softener, softening effect
 
Dihydroxyacetone Þ Enzymatic extraction from glycerine.
• Application/Effect: stimulates the tanning reaction of the outer skin layers
 
Distarch Phosphate = Corn starch
ÞEmulsion stabiliser, improves the matt/dulling properties and leaves the skin feeling pleasant and silky smooth
 
Disodium Cocoyl Glutamate ÞModified amino acid, functions as an extremely mild, gently sudsing surfactant.
 
 
 
E
 
Echinacea pallida (Echinacea Extract) ÞExtract of echinacea roots, leaves and plant tissue. Normalizes sebaceous gland functions, heals wounds, fights infection.
 
Elaeis Guineensis (Palm) Oil= Palm oil
ÞPalm oil is derived from the flesh and seeds of the oil palms which are cultivated in Columbia.
• Application/Effect: rich in both diglycerides and triglycerides, Cares for the skin
 
Equisetum arvense
(Horsetail Extract)
ÞExtract containing a large amount of silica, which strengthens hair and nails and increases the formation of white blood cells..
 
ErythruloseÞ carbohydrate, produced by fermentation
• Application/Effect: Tanning agent/lotion
 
Eugenia caryophyllus
(Clove Oil)
ÞEssential oil of cloves used for its antiseptic,
disinfecting, and aromatic properties.
 
Eugenol = Ingredient of essential oils
 
Euphrasia officianalis
Eyebright extract
ÞSoothing, antiseptic extract for inflamed, irritated skin. Longstanding herbal tradition for remedies to care for the eyes.
 
Euphorbia Cerifera (Candelilla) Wax
Vegetable wax that comes from from euphorbia plants
Found in: Africa and Central America
Use/properties: cares for the skin, moisturising, smoothing, thickener
Esculin = Aesculin
Plant agent from horse chestnut
Use/properties: absorbtion filter for ultra violet light, capillary narrowing, anti-cellulite agent
 
Ethyl Acetate ÞSolvent, of relevance for the applicability of nail varnish
 
Ethyl LactateÞlactic acid ethyl ester
Ethyl ester from natural L (+) lactic acid
produced by fermentation of sugar
Solvent in nail varnish remover
 
 
 
 
 
F
 
Fumaric AcidÞ Fumaric acid (fruit acid)
• Application/Effect: anti-dandruff ingredient, calms/soothes the skin
 
Farnesol ÞNaturally occuring, bacteriostatic alcohol used in deodorants. Unlike conventional bactericides, farnesol's antibacterial effect is limited to those cultures that break down perspiration - the principal activity producing body odor. All other skin flora remains largely unaffected. Also inhibits bacteria associated with acne.
 
Frangula Almus Þ Glossy buckthorn
ground bark of the Rhamnus Purshiana
Sources: Europe, North Africa, Asia Minor, Caucasus Mountains, North America, Brazil
• Application/Effect: in plant-based hair colourings, gives shine
 
G
 
Galactoarabinan ÞPolysaccharide film-forming agent that helps stabilize emulsions
 
Geraniol = Ingredient of essential oils,
Main ingredient of rose oils
 
Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract
Use/properties: improves the circulation of the tissues and activates the cell metabolism, tightens and strengthens the skin.
 
Glucose ÞSimple sugar (monosaccharide) which binds water on skin. Also a common solvent component.
 
Glucose Glutamate ÞSkin soothing, moisture retaining, protective compound that gives hair added volume.
 
Glycerin ÞAlso known as glycerol, glycerin is the simplest trivalent alcohol, a building block of all vegetable oils, that both moisturizes the skin and serves to retain skin's moisture.
 
Glyceryl Caprylate ÞEster of carbonic acid and glycerin, used as moisturizer.
 
Glyceryl Citrate/Lactate/Lineolate/Oleate) = Glycerin lactic acid ester
Production by esterification of glycerin and lactic acids           
Use/properties: emulsifier
 
Glyceryl Dioleate ÞOily component of soy and palm oils that softens and smooths skin texture, and improves product consistency.
 
Glyceryl Lactate ÞEster of lactic acid and glycerin, used as emulsifier.
 
Glyceryl LaurateÞglycerine ester
Gained from the esterification of glycerine and lauric acid
• Application/Effect: Co-emulsifier, gives consistency and replenishes oil
 
Glyceryl Oleate
Fatty acids with a glycerine base
Used as ingredient of detergent based materials
 
Glyceryl Oleate Citrate = Citric acid ester
Emulsifier on a natural raw material basis, is also used for food
 
Glyceryl Ricinoleate = Fatty acid ester
Use/properties: provides consistency in felt pens
 
Glyceryl Stearate ÞEster of stearic acid and glycerin, used as humectant (moisture retainer), skin conditioner, and moisturizer.
 
Glyceryl Stearate Citrate ÞEster of stearic and citric acids and glycerin, used as emulsifier, humectant (moisture retainer), and moisturizer
 
Glycine soja
(Soybean Oil)
ÞOil of GM-free soy beans, used principally to transport oil-soluble active ingredients.
 
Glycine Soja (Soybean) Germ Extract = Soya isoflavone extract
Natural soya proteins contain glycosides, phytochemicals and minerals
Use/properties: protects cells
 
H
 
Hamamelis virginiana
(Witch Hazel Extract
ÞBotanical extract that tightens the skin, improves complexion, and inhibits infection.
 
Hectorite ÞMagnesium-aluminum-silicate clay compound that forms gel texture which stabilizes and thickens product emulsions. Traditional surfactant-free cleanser for hair and skin.
 
Helianthus annuus
(Sunflower Seed Oil)
ÞVery fatty oil, pressed from sunflower seeds, that smooths skin texture and deeply moisturizes.
 
Hibiscus sabdariffa
(Hibiscus Powder)
ÞGround hibiscus blossom powder used as a colorant in Logona hair colors.
 
Hippophae rhamnoides
(Seabuckthorn Extract)
ÞExtract of the fruits and seeds of the sea buckthorn bush, used to soothe and heal irritated, wounded skin, and to inhibit infection.
 
Humulus lupulus (Hops) Cone Extract  ÞExtract of hops flowers, used to relax and soothe. Anti-inflammatory, deodorising and antimicrobial properties.
 
Hydrated Silica ÞMicronized silicic acid used as thickener, stabilizer, and cleansing particulate.
 
Hydrogenated Castor Oil ÞRegulates viscosity, provides consistency, and moisturizes.
 
Hydrogenated Lecithin ÞDerived from GM-free soy lecithin, used to emulsify products and to smooth skin texture.
 
Hydrogenated Coco Glycerides ÞFatty particles with lightly emulsifying properties, which improve product consistency, and bind moisture on skin surface.
 
Hydrogenated Palm Glycerides ÞWax used to provide consistency, with lightly emulsifying properties.
 
Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Glycerides ÞWax used to provide consistency, with lightly emulsifying properties.
 
Hydrogenated Palm Oil ÞConsistency agent for cosmetic pencils.
 
Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil ÞConsistency agent for cosmetic pencils, softens and smooths skin texture.
 
Hydrolyzed Silk ÞSilk protein derived from silk worm cocoons, a film-forming agent used to care for dry, damaged hair. It binds moisture, increases hair volume, and improves its manageability and overall structure.
 
Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein ÞFilm-forming agent which retains water, promotes healing processes, tightens skin and improves hair manageability.
 
Hydroxypropyl Chitosan ÞNatural polysaccharide film-forming agent which strengthens hair structure.
 
I
 
Indigofera Argentea = Henna powder, black
Ground leaves from the Indigofera Argentea
Found in: Africa and Asia
Use/properties: in herbal hair colours, provides shine
 
Indigofera tinctoria ÞGround leaves of the indigo plant, serves as the principle colorant in the Henna Black hair color
 
Isoeugenol ÞConstituent of essential oils contained in, for example, basil, cassia and ylang oil.
 
Isopropyl Alcohol Þ Solvent, of relevance to the drying-time of nail varnishes
 
 
J
 
Jasminum Sambac = Jasmine wax
Jasmine wax is a blossom wax, derived from jasmine oil
Use/properties: provides consistency, nutrient
 
Jojoba Esters ÞAbrasive particulates used in facial and body scrubs.
 
Juglans RegiaÞ Walnut Shell extract
Fruit and ground shells of the walnut
Sources: in tropical and sub-tropical regions
• Application/Effect: in plant-based hair colourings, colour-intensifying components
 
Juniperus oxicedrus
(Juniper oil)
ÞEssential oil with longstanding herbal tradition as an anti-dandruff agent.
 
K
 
Kaolin = Porcelain clay
Kaolin is a fine, iron-free white clay Use/properties: cleansing, absorbing ingredient of Lavaerde
 
 
Krameria triandra ÞGround root of the rhatany bush, used as a colorant in Logona hair colors.
 
L
 
Lactic Acid ÞNon-dairy, biotechnically produced without genetically modified organisms, used to regulate pH.
 
Lanolin ÞNatural moisturizing agent separated from the wool of sheep in numerous cleansing stages, used to emulsify water-in-oil emulsions, to retain moisture, and to soften and moisturize skin.
 
Lanolin Alcohol ÞHighly-refined fatty alcohol emollient, derived from lanolin, rich in skin-softening cholesterol. Used to emulsify, moisturize and soften skin.
 
Lauric Acid ÞFatty acid of coconut oil, emulsifier component, consistency agent.
 
Lauroyl LysineÞ amino acid ester
Esterification of an amino acid with fatty alcohol
• Application/Effect: water-repellent, increases the emulsion stability of a cream and hinders separation of the oil and water phases. As a powder constituent, it makes the skin supple and smooth
 
Lauryl Glucoside ÞSugar emulsifier, anionic surfactant, very gentle, mildly foaming sudsing agent
 
Lauryl Lactate ÞEster of lactic acid and lauryl alcohol, used as emulsifier and solvent to make skin soft and supple, and to improve spreading texture of creams.
 
 
Lawsonia inermis
(Henna Powder)
ÞGround leaves of the henna shrub, producing the principal red colorant of Logona hair colors.
 
Lecithin ÞDerived from GM-free soy beans, used as emulsifier and as an emollient to soften and improve skin texture.
 
Limonene = Ingredient of almost all essential oils
 
Linalool = Ingredient of almost all essential oils
 
Lupinus Albus Seed Oil = Lupin oil
Origin: Cultivated in Europe and North Africa
Rich in proteins, amino acids and flavonoids
Use/properties: antioxidant, radical quencher, anti-ageing
 
M
 
Macadamia ternifolia ÞVery light oil with a high fraction of palmitoleic acid, which helps maintain the acid mantle of the skin and keep the skin supple and soft.
 
Magnesium Aluminium Silicate ÞAlso known as kaolin, serves to thicken and stabilize product formulations, and to give a smooth product texture.
 
Magnesium Stearate = Mineral powder
Use/properties: ingredient of powder products
 
Maltodextrin ÞCarbohydrate used as a controlling agent for various botanical extracts.
 
Malva sylvestris
(Mallow Extract)
ÞExtract of mallow blossoms, reported to have anti-inflammatory properties, used to soothe skin and improve complexion.
 
Mangifera Indica ÞMango extract, mango butter
Application/Effect: tanniferous active plant ingredient, fat from mango seeds
 
Maris sal (Sea Salt) ÞThickening agent and cleansing particulate.
 
Mel (Honey) ÞShine enhancer in hair care products
 
Melaleuca AlternifoliaÞTea tree oil
Essential oil derived from the tea tree, native to Australia and Tasmania
Application/Effect: antiseptic effect and antimicrobial.
 
Melia azadirachta
(Neem Extract)
ÞExtract of neem tree leaves, used in hair care products for its antimicrobial properties and to maintain the overall health of the scalp.
 
Melissa officinalis
(Balm Mint Extract)
ÞExtract of lemon balm leaves, reported to possess antibacterial and antiviral properties, used to balance skin condition, soothe irritations, and heal wounds.
 
Mentha piperita
(Peppermint Extract)
ÞExtract used to stimulate circulation, aid digestion, reduce cramps and spasms, and to provide refreshing fragrance/aroma.
 
Mica ÞComponent in cosmetic powders which reflects UV radiation on skin surface.
 
Myristic Acid ÞFatty acid produced by splitting palm nut or coconut, used to stabilize emulsions.
 
Myristyl Lactate ÞEster of myristyl alcohol and lactic acid, makes the skin soft and supple, retains moisture, and tightens skin texture. Also reduces the stickiness of other fatty components.
 
Melilotus officinalis
(Yellow Sweet Clover)
ÞStimulates circulation and stems infection processes.
 
Menthol ÞMain constituent of peppermint essential oil, refreshes and cools.
 
Montmorillonite = Mineral clay
White mineral powder removes grease and dirt from the surface of the skin
Use/properties: for intensive, gentle skin cleansing
 
Moringa Pterygosperma Seed Extract ÞMoringa seed extract
Origin: from the hot and dry regions of north-east Africa
Application/Effect: micro-proteins from the moringa tree seeds (horseradish tree)
Protects the hair from UV-rays and reduces the absorption of dirt and impurities
 
Mourera fluviatilis ÞAquatic Amazonian plant whose extract helps repair the cutaneous barrier, moisturizes and preserves skin balance.
 
Myrica cerifera
(Bayberry wax)
ÞWax derived from boiling the berries of the bayberry shrub, native to Eastern North America. Many traditional uses, from candlemaking to herbal medicinal. Used by Logona to improve product texture.
 
Myristyl Myristate Þ Emollient
Fatty wax mass
• Application/Effect: for care and decorative pen/pencil products
 
N
 
Nelumbo Nucifera Flower Extract = Lotus bloom extract
Lotus is traditionally used in Asian Naturopathy. Important ingredients of the Lotus are Aspargin (amino acids), Nelumbin and starch. Due to its astringent qualities the extract refines the skin’s surface
 
Nitrocellulose ÞFilm-former
Application/Effect: in nail varnishes
 
O
 
Oenothera biennis
(Evening Primrose Oil)
ÞDerived from the seeds of the evening primrose, contains about 85% unsaturated, Omega 6 fatty acids, essential to good skin heath. These essential fatty acids are building blocks of phospholipids, and play a decisive role in maintaining the proper function of cell membranes. Stimulates circulation.
 
Olea europaea (Olive Oil) ÞEmollient that penetrates skin readily to moisturize, soothe and soften skin.
 
Olus Þ Olus - plant oil, plant oil constituent
• Application/Effect: softening properties, causes a long-lasting smoothness of the skin.
 
P
 
Palmitic Acid ÞComponent of many natural waxes and oils, emulsifies and improves consistency of product.
 
Panax ginseng (Ginseng Extract) ÞExtract of the root of the ginseng plant, promotes circulation within skin tissues and reinforces healthy metabolic processes.
 
Panthenol ÞPanthenol
Provitamin B5 is a stable form of panthotenic acid, necessary for normal skin function.
Application/Effect: supports the skin’s renewal process and its ability to regenerate when damaged, skin feels silky and soft; restructures in hair care and stores moisture, the hair becomes stronger
 
Parfum ÞUniversal INCI term to designate ALL fragrance materials, whether natural or synthetic. For Logona products, this should be interpreted to read "Mixture of essential oils".
 
Passiflora Edulis ÞPassion fruit oil
Passion fruit oil
• Application/Effect: gives aroma and colour and smoothes the skin.
 
Passiflora IncarnataÞ Plant oil
Triglycerides extracted from passion flower oil
Application/Effect: moisturising and smoothing effects
 
PCA Ethyl Cocoyl Arginate ÞDerivative of pyrrolidone carbonic acid, used for its anti-static and anti-microbial properties.
 
PCA ÞCationic amino acid found in human skin, with the principal function of protecting skin from drying. Added PCA binds water, improves skin elasticity and increases suppleness.
 
Persea gratissima (Avocado Oil) ÞRich oil derived from the avocado fruit, consisting of about 85% unsaturated fatty acid glycerides. Also contains vitamins A and E, squalene and lecithin. Penetrates skin easily and reinforces skin’s protective functions.
 
Phytic Acid ÞNatural chelating agent, used to improve sudsing in hard water by binding calcium and magnesium ions. Also regulates pH.
 
Pimpinella anisum (Anise Oil) ÞEssential anise oil, used for its antiseptic, antimicrobial properties, and as a flavoring agent.
 
 
Pogostemon cablin (Patchouli Oil) ÞEssential oil extracted from the dried leaves and shoots of the bushy plant. Possesses antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties to soothe, heal, and regenerate. Pungent, lasting, sensual aroma.
 
Polyglyceryl-3 Palmitate ÞDerived from glycerin and palm oil fatty acids, used as emulsifier in oil-in-water emulsions
 
Polyglyceryl-6 Dicaprate ÞPolyglycerin ester of capric acid, used as anionic surfactant and solvent.
 
Polyglyceryl –10 Dipolyhydroxystearate Þ Fatty acid – polyglycerine ester
• Application/Effect: water-in-oil emulsifier
 
Polyglyceryl –10 Laurate = Glyceryl Monolaurat
Maintains the skin’s natural moisture and leaves behind a pleasant feeling on the skin Use/properties: oil in water-emulsifier/ solubilizing agent
 
Polyglyceryl-3 Polyricinoleate ÞPolyglycerin ester of ricinic acid, used as emulsifier.
 
Populus nigra
(Poplar Bud Extract)
ÞRefines skin texture, retains moisture, fights infection, encourages wound healing.
 
Potassium AlumÞKalialaunApplication/Effect: layer/coating-hardening substance, nail-hardening substance
 
Potassium Chloride Þ Potassium chloride
Mineral salt
• Application/Effect: toothpaste for sensitive teeth
Potassium Cocoate
Potassium salt of coconut fatty acid
Use/properties: soap, consistency controller, co-emulsifier
 
Potassium Sorbate = Potassium salt of sorbic acids
Can be found naturally in the unripe fruits of the Rowan tree
Is approved as a preservative for food, meets the criteria of the BDIH (Federation of German Industries and Trading Firms)
 
Potassium Hydroxide Use/properties: pH-value regulator in shaving foam
 
Potassium Silicate
Is also known as Water Glass
Use/properties: emulsion stabilizer
 
Propolis cera (Propolis Wax) ÞResinous gum collected by bees from plant buds and bark, normally dissolved in tincture. Natural preservative with antibacterial and wound healing properties.
 
Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil = Sweet Almond Oil
ÞOil from the fruits of the Amygdalus
Sources: Southern Europe and Asia
• Application/Effect: smoothes and cares for the skin, very good penetration.
 
Prunus Armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel Oil
A pressed fat oil from the fruit seeds of natural apricots, with a light characteristic fragrance. Due to its fatty acid composition it is often used in cosmetic products
 
Prunus Persica (Peach) Kernel Oil
ÞOil from pressed peach stones
• Application/Effect: mild and easily tolerable, smoothes and cares for the skin.
 
Punica Granatum Seed Extract = Oily pomegranate seed extract
ÞThis high-grade oil from pomegranate seeds contains beta-carotene, minerals and a high flavonoid and essential fatty acid content. The unique fatty acid spectrum of the pomegranate seed has the ability to intercept damaging free radicals.
• Application/Effect: reduces wrinkles and firms/tightens the skin.
 
Pyrus Cydonia Seed Extract = Quince seed extract
Polysaccharides from quince seeds
Found in: Europe
Use/properties: anti-inflammatory, smoothes the skin, filmogenic qualities
.
 
Q
 
Quercus Robur Bark Extract
Origin: Europe
Rich in tannins
Use/properties: astringent, anti-inflammatory effect
 
R
 
Rhamnus frangula
(Cascara Powder)
ÞFinely ground bark of buckthorn, used as a colorant in Logona hair colors.
 
Rhus Succedanea  = Japan Wax
Þ from the fruits of various anarcadia plants
• Application/Effect: gives consistency in cosmetic pens/pencils
 
Rhus Verniciflua Peel Wax ÞBerry wax
Gained from the fruits of a type of Asiatic berry
• Application/Effect: soft, semi-transparent wax
 
Retinyl AcetateÞ Vitamin A-Acetate
Application/Effect: improves natural skin functions
 
Rheum Undulatum = Rhubarb Root
ground roots of Rheum rhaponticum L. Use/properties: in herbal hair colours, provides shine
 
Ricinus communis
(Castor Oil)
ÞHydrophilic oil from the seeds of the castor bean plant, used primarily by Logona to improve consistency of cosmetic pencils
 
Rosa canina
(Rose Hips Oil)
ÞWild rose oil, pressed from rose hip seeds, rich in unsaturated fatty acids, improves complexion and promotes healing processes.
 
Rosa centifolia
(Rose Extract)
ÞExtract from the blossoms of the centifolia rose, which improves complexion and structure, soothes and balances, clarifies and refreshes skin.
 
Rosmarinus officinalis
(Rosemary Extract)
ÞExtract from rosemary leaves and blossoms possessing antibacterial properties, which clarifies skin, regulates sebaceous glands, and promotes circulation.
 
Royal Jelly ÞHoneybee foodstuff rich in amino acids, vitamins and trace minerals which accelerates the oxygen uptake of skin tissue, and improves metabolism.
 
Rumex acetosa
(Common sorrel extract)
ÞExtract from the above-ground portion of the sorrel plant, which has antiseptic and slightly astringent properties.
 
Ruscus Aculeatus Extract
Popular name: Butcher’s Broom or Knee Holly
Use/properties: astringent, anti-inflammatory, constricts capillaries, venotonic effects
 
S
 
Sambucus Nigra Fruit Extract = Elderberry extract
Natural spray dried fruit extract from the juice of elderberries, contains lots of valuable plant ingredients
 
Salix alba
(Willow Bark Extract)
ÞAntiseptic extract containing salicin has an astringent effect and improves complexion
 
Salvia officinalis
(Sage Extract)
ÞExtract from sage leaves with antibacterial and infection-slowing. Improves complexion and slows perspiration.
 
Salvia triloba
(Sage Extract)
ÞExtract from sage leaves with antibacterial and infection-slowing. Improves complexion and slows perspiration.
 
Serine ÞNon-essential amino acid contained in most proteins, and required for fat metabolism, tissue growth, and immune system. Used in cosmetics as moisturizer.
 
Sesamum indicum
(Sesame Oil)
ÞSkin nourishing oil that smooths and restores moisture to cleansed skin.
 
Shellac ÞElastic, resinous, film-forming, bonding agent produced by the secretion of a beetle in SE Asia. Diluted in alcohol and used in many applications to provide adhesion.
 
Silica (Silica) ÞNatural, finely-ground mineral, used as cleansing particulates in scrub cleansers and as gel forming agent in fluids.
 
Simmondsia chinensis
(Buxus Chinensis)
ÞNatural, fluid wax of the desert shrub Buxus chinensis. Rich in unsaturated fatty acids, Vitamin E and trace minerals. Penetrates skin readily, non-allergenic. Moisturizes and softens.
 
Sodium Bicarbonate ÞAdjusts and regulates pH level and serves as abrasive agent.
 
Sodium Cetearyl Sulfate ÞSulfated fatty alcohol used as emulsifier.
 
Sodium Citrate ÞSodium salt of citric acid used to regulate pH level.
 
Sodium Cocoate ÞSodium salt of coconut fatty acid, used as emulsifier and lightly sudsing surfactant.
 
Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate ÞExtremely mild, gently sudsing surfactant derived from the amino acid glutamic acid and coconut fatty acid.
 
Sodium Hyaluronate ÞHyaluronic acid - a mucopolysaccaride found highly concentrated in soft connective tissue and in skin tissue. Binds water strongly and slows skin drying, even in areas of low humidity. Non-allergenic and non-irritating.
 
Sodium Hydroxide = Natrium hydroxide
Use/properties: is used for pH-value regulation
 
Sodium Chloride ÞCommon salt, used to stabilize product viscosity.
 
Sodium Coco Sulphate ÞCoconut oil surfactant
Fatty alcohol sulphate, surfactant on a coconut oil basis with good viscosity-giving properties.
Possesses light oil-replenishing properties and leaves a conditioned feeling for skin and hair.
 
Sodium Lactate ÞSodium salt of lactic acid, which retains moisture.
 
Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate ÞGentle, richly-sudsing, anionic surfactant.
 
Sodium Lauryl Sulfoacetate Þ Surfactant
mild anionic active detergent substance on a coconut oil basis
• Application/Effect: cleanses, foams well
 
Sodium Palmitate ÞSodium salt of palmitic acid, derived from palm oil, used as a soap ingredient and to regulate product consistency.
 
Sodium PCA ÞSodium salt of pyrrolidone carbonic acid, enzymatically derived from glutamic acid, used as humectant and as anti-static agent in hair care products.
 
Sodium Stearate ÞSodium salt of stearic acid, used as emulsifier.
 
Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate ÞCo-emulsifier for oil-in-water emulsions, surfactant, consistency regulator, and moisturizer.
 
Sorbitan Stearate ÞVery skin-compatible ester of stearic acid and sorbitan, used as oil-soluble emulsifier.
 
Sorbitol ÞNatural alcohol easily produced by adding hydrogen to glucose, retains moisture and smooths skin.
 
Spirulina platensis
(Blue-green algae extract)
ÞExtract rich in vitamins and minerals that moisturizes, soothes, and smooths the skin.
 
Stearamidopropyl Dimethylamine Þ Conditioner, Co-emulsifier
• Application/Effect: improves the hair’s manageability and gives a pleasant feeling to the skin
 
Squalane ÞOil component found both in skin oil and in vegetable oils. Helps emulsion to spread well on the skin, improves texture, and feels soft to the skin.
 
Stearalkonium Bentonite Þ Gel-former, thickening agent and stops the sinking of the colour particles in nail varnish.
 
Stearic Acid ÞDerived from the saponification of vegetable oils and fats. Co-emulsifier and consistency regulator.
 
Sucrose ÞWater soluble sugar that moisturizes the skin.
 
Sucrose Cocoate ÞSugar ester of coconut fatty acid and sucrose, used as emulsifier.
 
Sucrose Laurate ÞSugar ester derived from starch and vegetable lauric acid, used as emulsifier.
 
T
 
Talc ÞA mineral often used as the base ingredient for makeup powders. Often found together with other minerals, talc is separated by cleaning and refining processes. Logona talc is independently certified to be free of asbestos contamination.
 
Tapioca Starch ÞOil absorbing starch used to thicken products and produce a matte effect on the skin.
 
Theobroma cacao
(Cocoa Butter)
ÞEmollient derived from pressing roasted cocoa beans, penetrates skin readily to moisturize and soften skin, and regulates product consistency.
 
Thymus vulgaris
(Thyme Oil)
ÞEssential thyme oil, with antiseptic properties, used to stimulate and release blocked air passages.
 
Tilia vulgaris
(Linden Extract)
ÞExtract from the blossoms of the European Linden tree, used to soothe skin and improve complexion.
 
Titanium Dioxide ÞWhite pigment (CI 77819) used in makeup. Also an FDA-approved sunscreen agent.
 
Tocopherol (Vitamin E) ÞFat soluble vitamin derived from wheat germ oil that reinforces the antioxidative defenses of cell membranes. Helps neutralize destructive free radicals, protecting cell membranes and increasing the health and lifespan of the cells. In skin products, Vitamin E helps prevent premature ageing of the skin caused by environmental stressors, such as UV radiation, ozone, and smog. It also smooths and softens the skin texture. As an antioxidant, it also helps preserve skin products.
 
Tocopheryl Acetate ÞEster of tocopherol and acetic acid, used to bind free radicals, and support cell renewal and cellular oxygen metabolism.
 
Threonine ÞEssential amino acid contained in cereal proteins, an important constituent of collagen, elastin, and enamel protein.
 
TricaprylinÞCaprylic acid ester Binding agent for powder and decorative cosmetics
• Application/Effect: improves the feeling of the skin
 
Triethyl Citrate ÞEster of citric acid and ethanol, natural deodorizing active compound which reduces pH on skin surface, thereby breaking down perspiration and the unpleasant fragrance associated with it.
 
Triticum vulgare
(Wheat Germ Oil)
ÞOil pressed from wheat germ, rich in Vitamins E, A, D and F, valuable nourishing oil with regenerative properties.
 
Triticum Vulgare (Wheat Bran) Extract
Concentrated extract from wheat bran.
Improves the combability of wet hair and prevents static electricity build-up
 
 
U
 
Undecylenoyl Phenylalanine = Undecylenoyl-amino acids
Active substance from plant raw materials (Ricinus Oil), prevents the appearance of age spots, has skin lightening effects
 
 Urtica dioica (Nettle Extract) ÞExtract from nettle leaves, rich in trace minerals and Vitamins A and C, anti-inflammatory, traditional herbal remedy for dandruff and hair loss, gives hair gloss.
 
Usnea barbata
(Old Mans Beard Extract)
ÞExtract of lichens found on tree bark or rock surfaces in the mountains, used for its antimicrobial activity.
 
V
 
Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Fruit Extract = Red grape extract
From the skins and seeds of red grapes,
contains “Oligomere Procyanidie,” which have a strong antioxidant effect and thus work as radical quencher
 
Vitis vinifera
(Grape Seed Oil)
ÞVery light oil pressed from grape seeds, possessing a large amount of essential linol- and linolenic fatty acids. Very helpful moisturizer in treating dry skin.
 
W
 
Wheat Germ Glycerides ÞEmollient derived from wheat germ, possessing a large amount of essential linol- and linolenic fatty acids. Used to emulsify product and soften skin.
 
X
 
Xanthan Gum ÞMicrobial polysaccharide produced as a metabolic byproduct of the bacteria Xanthomonas campestris. Used as thickening agent, gel forming agent. Produces a very pleasant, supple skin texture.
 
Xylitol ÞNaturally occurring 5-carbon sugar alcohol found in many fruits and vegetables. Clinical studies indicate this natural sweetener to resist and lower plaque and caries formation.
 
Z
 
Zea mays (Corn Germ Oil) ÞCold-pressed oil that nourishes and softens the skin.
 
 Zinc Oxide ÞNaturally-occurring, powdered mineral used as a cosmetic pigment, as a mild astringent and antiseptic, and as an active UV
sunscreen agent which reflects solar radiation from skin surface.
 
Zinc Stearate ÞZinc salt of stearic acid, used as an emulsion stabilizer.
 
 Zingiber Officinalis (Ginger) Root Oil
= Ginger oil ÞEssential oil derived from dried ginger root (Officinalis Roscoe)
• Application/Effect: gives scent
• Application/Effect: improves the feeling of the skin